Dog Health and Care

Owning a dog is great fun and immensely rewarding. But, dogs have complex needs and each dog is unique. Knowing how to properly care for your dog and its health is a useful skill to have, whether it’s administering first aid or knowing when to take them to the vet! Read more

Dog Grooming in Winter

There's no such thing as bad weather for true fresh air fans. Be it mud, snow or salt on pavements, dog and owner go for walks lasting several hours and enjoy the winter period. However, you shouldn't forget that these weather conditions can put intensive demands on your dog's paws. Cracks in the paw pads or adhesions to the paws that make walking difficult and can trigger injuries are no rarity. You can provide relief with a few simple tricks:

The First Visit to the Vet

After a few days of letting your new dog settle in, it is advisable to introduce your newest little family member to the vet. This allows immediate detection of any possible infections or parasites, and allows you to instantly treat any issues.

Dogs and their Senses

The thing that fascinates us humans about dogs is their enormous sensory capacity. Their senses are far better developed than those of humans, to the extent that they can orientate themselves, recognise everything and everyone by smells, and hear sounds and noises we cannot even comprehend.

Bacterial Diseases in Dogs

They are extremely tiny and absolutely everywhere – bacteria! They lurk outside in nature, in forests, in meadows and in fields. Many of them are completely harmless to our four-legged friends, but some bacteria can lead to serious diseases in our dogs. Here are five known bacterial infections and their treatment options.

Dog First Aid

It usually happens without any warning. A misplaced step on some broken glass, a wasp sting or a collision with a car, and suddenly your dog is yapping and bleeding, leaving its shocked owner wondering helplessly how to help man’s best friend. Here you can find out the best ways to prepare for such an incident, with first-aid measures you should learn and the recommended contents of a canine first aid kit.

Leishmaniasis for Dogs

Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease transmitted by sandflies and can often prove fatal for dogs. Find out how you can protect your dog and how to recognise and treat the disease should it emerge.

Birth and Breastfeeding for Dogs

The birth of new puppies is always a very special occasion even for experienced breeders. But how does the process of dogs giving birth actually work? What problems can emerge when breastfeeding the puppies and how can the owner support their female dog during this full-on phase?

Should I Get My Dog Neutered?

Neutering has long been a routine procedure in veterinary practice, but is it always advisable? What is the difference between neutering and sterilisation and what are the costs for the dog owner? Here you can find out all you need to know about the pros and cons of neutering.

Contraception for Dogs

Dog owners should give thought to contraception for their beloved pets at the very latest when females enter heat for the first time and males suddenly prey on females in the neighbourhood. But what methods actually prevent females from getting pregnant and what forms of contraception are there for males?

Female Dogs in Heat

Although the heat period is an entirely natural process for female dogs, irritation at stains on the new carpet, fear of an unwanted pregnancy or their pet's strange behaviour can cause many dog owners to worry. Find out here everything you need to know about your female dog's heat period and how you can both overcome this without any stress.

Dog Grooming

Every dog’s coat should be combed and brushed regularly to keep it in top condition, but the way you should care for your dog’s fur varies according to breed, length and even time of year. Regular grooming is important for the following reasons:

  1. Dogs feel better when they’re well-groomed. Itchy skin and tangled hair are uncomfortable for your dog, and can have a real effect on their quality of life.
  2. Brushing stimulates the circulation and helps to encourage healthy hair growth.
  3. When you brush your dog’s coat the old hairs and skin cells are removed, letting your dog’s coat breathe. Tangled, matted hair is an ideal breeding ground for ticks, fleas and mites, and can also lead to painful rashes and eczema.

Some breeds of dog shed their coats more noticeably in the spring and autumn, as their coats change according to the season. At these times you should groom your dog more often, and you may also need different grooming equipment.

Fleas on Dogs

More than 2,000 types of fleas parasitise mammals and birds. Dogs are most commonly inhabited by the Ctenocephalides felis (cat flea), more rarely by the Ctenocephalides canis (dog flea), and occasionally by the Pulex irritans and Pulex simulans (human flea), as well as by the Echidnophaga gallinacea (hen flea) and (hedgehog flea). Fleas are wingless, laterally flattened insects around 1-6mm in length with a strong talus and piercing-sucking mouth parts. They are light to dark brown in colour and feed off the blood of their host animal. The development of fleas progresses from the egg to three larva stages to the pupa and then the adult form. Female fleas take just a few minutes to inhabit the dog's blood and start to lay eggs after around 24-48 hours. During its lifespan of around 50-100 days, it lays on average 30 eggs per day. The eggs are mostly laid during the dog's rest period and fall out on its sleeping spot or other areas where it frequently rests. Within a few days, the eggs hatch and become larvae, developing over three stages into pupa. The larvae feed off cell material and flea excrement with undigested blood, which is released from the dog along with the eggs. The adult flea hatches from the pupa and seeks to inhabit the nearest dog as soon as possible. In unfavourable conditions, such as cooler temperatures, the pupa can survive in its cocoon for up to 50 weeks until hatching. In ideal conditions, the duration of the cycle from egg to adult flea is around two to four weeks. Adult fleas from C. felis and C. canis permanently live on their host; they occasionally cross over to other hosts, but don't stay in the surrounding area for a long time. The flea's youthful stages (egg, larva, pupa) live in the environment, the larvae hole up into hiding places such as under cushions and carpets, as well as gaps in the flooring. Dogs can bring fleas into the home through contact with other animals. The conditions in a living space are ideal for the development of fleas, and they multiply rapidly in this environment. C. felis, the most common type of flea, is not picky in its choice of host animal: it has been found on over 50 different types of animal all over the world, as well as on humans.

Pampering Your Pet!

Caring for your dog starts with the simplest task of grooming. Every dog’s coat should be combed and brushed regularly to keep it in top condition, but the way you should care for your dog’s fur varies according to breed, length and even time of year. Regular grooming is important as it can make your dog feel more comfortable. Having tangled hair and itchy skin is no fun, so giving your dog a proper brush can make it feel happy and loved! Tangled fur is also a haven for parasites, such as fleas, ticks and mites, so grooming your dog can help protect them against unwanted parasites.

Grooming isn’t all about brushing and fur though, it’s also about eyes, ears and claws! Making sure your dog’s eyes are healthy, its ears are clean and its claws are clipped will also make for a happy pup. Every person loves a spa day after all, so why wouldn’t your dog?

Time to go to the V-E-T

Just like people, your dog will get sick at some point and when it does it’s important to know what to do. Do you take your dog to the vet or is it something you can deal with at home?

If your dog has a physical injury, you may be able to treat it at home, depending on how serious it is. Having a Dog First Aid Kid at home is a great way to be prepared for life’s little mishaps. Treating a cut or bite can easily be cared for at home, but for more serious injuries, such as a broken bone it’s advisable to see your vet for proper care.

During its life your dog will have to go to the vet for various reasons. One of the most common is having your dog neutered and is a very common procedure, which is done in a veterinary practice. Some people prefer not to have their dogs neutered, especially if they are interested in breeding their dog.