Dog Breeds

All throughout history specific dog breeds all served a certain purpose and function. They worked on farms, as gun dogs, water dogs and so on. The Kennel Club, the oldest recognised kennel club in the world, categorises breeds of dogs into 7 distinct groups, known as The Kennel Club Groups. As of 2011, The Kennel Club recognises 211 different breeds of dog. Whilst the breeds listed in each group may appear to be varied with very little in common, they are characterised together because they were all bred for the same specific purpose. Read more

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24 Dog breeds to your search

American Akita

The American Akita emerged after the end of the Second World War when US soldiers took Japanese Akitas back to the States with them, where an independent stand-alone breed was established. In comparison to its Japanese relatives, the American Akita is much bigger and stronger, though it has maintained to this day the hunting instinct of its Japanese ancestors.

American Foxhound

Gentle nature, floppy ears, smooth fur and a medium size – on many levels, the American Foxhound is the ideal companion for every dog lover, from pensioners to families with children. However, originally bred as a hunting dog, the American Foxhound has its own mind as well as a long list of high demands, all of which should be taken into consideration before making a commitment to the breed. The following article will provide you with some important insights of a breed that little is known about in Europe.

American Water Spaniel

A sporty dog from the US Midwest, the American Water Spaniel is rarely found both in Europe and its country of origin.

Australian Kelpie

Sporty, intelligent and sensitive – with this description of its character traits, the Australian Kelpie has excellent chances of finding its perfect match. However, the Australian herding dog mainly devotes itself to helping with the sheep.

Basset Hound

The gloomy-looking Basset Hound proves that looks can be deceiving – most are in fact cheerful little souls, always in a good mood! A Basset hurtling along with its floppy ears flying is bound to bring a smile to every animal lover’s face in no time. Read on to find out everything you need to know about this short-legged hunting breed, which nowadays makes a loyal companion to a great number of families.

Bedlington Terrier

The Bedlington Terrier physically resembles a sheep, but behind this tousled look lies an intelligent hunter, wily behind its floppy ears in woods and open fields. Owners of these dogs love their tender and patient nature. The Bedlington Terrier is a dog for people who like a robust character.

Belgian Shepherd (Malinois)

The elegant and sophisticated Belgian Shepherd comes in four different varieties, which are very different from each other in terms of appearance. What they do have in common is their huge urge for exercise and activity, which demands a great deal of time and experience from their owner.

Bernese Mountain Dog

Dürrbäch Dog (Dürrbächler), Yellow Cheeks (Gelbbäckler), Four Eyes (Vieräugler)? The former farm dog from the Bernese Oberland goes by many names and nowadays enjoys worldwide popularity as a family dog. Bernese Mountain Dogs treat their families with great warmness, although they would rather be in the great outdoors amongst the cold and snow.

Chow-Chow

Golden-brown fur and a mighty mane, with a compact build – the Chow-Chow makes a distinct impression with its majestic appearance. But the original dog breed, which is one of the oldest in the world, is not only gorgeous, it also has a very special character: some say that chow-chows have the essence of a cat rather than that of a dog because of their individuality. Anyone who has made friends with a chow-chow knows that the dogs have not only the looks but also the heart of a lion.

Dachshund

The proverbial puppy dog eyes have melted the hearts of many animal lovers. Here you can learn all about the compact Dachshund, also known as the Teckel or Dackel.

German Boxer

Sturdy and nimble, stubborn and balanced, peaceful and defensive - the German boxer is full of contradictions, but this versatility makes the boxer such a great all-rounder.

German Shepherd

German Shepherd Dogs are the most widespread working breed in the world, but thanks to their eagerness to learn and human-loving nature, these versatile dogs also make for a great family pet.

Hovawart

The name of this German utility dog breed reveals that the Hovawart originally served as a court guard. In Middle High German, “hova” means court and “wart” guard. The Hovawart has to the present day not lost its qualities associated with the role, but is now also popular as a family dog.

Leonberger

Empress Elisabeth of Austria is said to have owned this lion amongst dogs.

After all, the huge Leonberger doesn't just make an impression with its proud lion's mane and harmonious proportions, but also with its self-assured composure and children-loving nature.

Miniature Pinscher

An adorable, pocket-sized version of a Pinscher? Do not be fooled! If you are looking for a cute, cuddly little lapdog, then you have come to the wrong place. In spite of its size, this bright family dog has a huge appetite for sport and movement, and will run its owners off their feet in so many ways!

Miniature Schnauzer

With its coarse wiry fur and bushy beard and eyebrows, the Miniature Schnauzer is a smaller version of the Standard Schnauzer. However, it isn't inferior to its big brother whatsoever in terms of its endurance, vigilance and courage.

Pharaoh Hound

Not just fans of ancient Egypt are fascinated by these striking dogs: the Pharaoh Hound stands out thanks to its elegant appearance and friendly nature, though is only suitable for experienced dog owners who can give it plenty of exercise.

Puli

These clever dogs share both the unusual Rasta look and their Hungarian sheepdog roots with the significantly bigger Komondor. Both breeds have now gained numerous fans outside of Hungary too. If you're interested in having a Puli as a pet, however, you should consider that these robust nature lovers need lots of activity and exercise whatever the weather.

Rottweiler

Hard shell, soft centre! The Rottweiler is a strong, fearless and confident dog, the ideal guard dog or police dog, and not afraid to show its teeth in warning when the situation calls for it! But this former butcher’s dog also has a soft side that makes it the perfect family dog – it is affectionate, loyal and loves a cuddle!

Rough Collie

Attractive, intelligent, sporty and empathetic: the long-haired Collie – made famous through the TV dog “Lassie” – is one of the world's most well-known dog breeds. With its elegant appearance and many positive characteristics, these former Scottish herding dogs make ideal family dogs.

Shar Pei

With its characteristic wrinkles and small, shell-shaped ears, the Chinese Shar Pei is a calm but strong-willed dog that needs consistent leadership and a close family connection.

Shikoku

Although less stubborn than the rest of the Spitz breeds, the Shikoku is still a typical strong character and is little known outside of its country of origin. We will introduce you to these dogs from the Land of the Rising Sun.

Smooth Collie

The well-toned physique, narrow head and hard, thick fur are reminiscent of a greyhound upon first glance. However, the Smooth Collie possesses all the positive Collie characteristics and is also considered lower-maintenance and more robust than Rough Collies.

West Highland White Terrier

This shaggy-haired white dog is mainly known lovingly by its fans as a “Westie” for short. The “it” dog of the 1990s still enjoys great popularity to this day. Hardly surprising, since the Westie is an adaptable, playful dog with typically headstrong terrier charm.

Gundog Group

The gundog is a type of hunting dog used mainly to hunt birds in a variety of locations and were bred to help hunters find and retrieve game. Gundogs can be separated into three categories, depending on the dog’s hunting style. Pointing breeds were used to direct a hunter to their prey. The dogs would either ‘point’ with their noses or ‘set’ – freeze in place, to indicate to their owners that hunted game was nearby. And so, the names ‘Pointer’ and ‘Setter’ were used! Flushing dogs were trained to flush out birds and other animals from their hiding spots, making it easier for their owners to shoot or capture them. Many spaniels, like the Cocker Spaniel and Springer Spaniel are very popular flushing dogs. It’s easy to guess what Retrieving dogs do! Retrievers were trained to collect prey and return it without damage to their owners. Types of retrievers are famous for having ‘soft mouths’ because of this!

Hound Group

Hounds are very similar to gundogs but were actually the first hunting dogs. Hounds have a powerful sense of smell, which help them sniff out and track down whatever they are hunting. Some breeds of hound are also characterised by their speed. There are three distinct types of hound, with several different breeds within each subgroup. Sighthounds or gazehounds are dogs that use their fast speed for hunting and keep their prey in sight, whilst chasing them down.  Some of the most popular breeds of sighthound are Greyhounds, Salukis and Irish Wolfhounds. Sighthounds are predominantly used in hunting foxes, deer and hares.

Scenthounds, as their name suggests, have some of the most sensitive noses amongst dog breeds. Unlike sighthounds, they are not known for their speed but they make up for it in stamina. Scenthounds, such as the Beagle, Foxhound and Basset Hound, are well-known for using their amazing noses to sniff out prey or even lost people. Many scenthounds even have jobs as sniffer dogs!

The last group of hounds are difficult to classify because they use both their sense of sight and smell when tracking.

Pastoral Group

Pastoral dogs were originally kept for working with cattle, sheep and other livestock, and were used to help herd and manage them. Because these dogs were hard-working and reliable they were ideally suited for a life of intensive work. Unsurprisingly, a lot of dogs in this breed group are called Shepherds or Sheepdogs, for example German Shepherds and Old English Sheepdogs! However not every dog in the pastoral breed group are large breeds, with more compact breeds like the Corgi, Lancashire Heeler and Shelties also being traditional dogs for herding!

Terrier Group

This group of breeds is easy to identify! The terrier is typically a small breed that is a bit of a live spark! Terriers were originally kept to hunt small animals, such as mice, rats, rabbits and even weasels. Some were even bred to be small enough to fit down holes in order to catch their prey or scare them out. Just like pastoral breeds, some terriers are still kept as working dogs today and are used to keep their homes free from any vermin.

Toy Group

These dogs are not similar breeds, but instead they serve as companions tot their owners. Toy breeds are usually the very smallest dogs and some were originally ancient lap dog breeds or smaller versions of hunting dogs or terriers. These minute breeds are full of character and range from the fluffy Bichon Frise, to the elegant Cavalier King Charles Spaniel or the most classic of the toy breeds, the adorable Chihuahua!

Working Group

There are as many types of work for dogs as there are types of dogs. Lap dogs may work as therapy dogs, herding dogs may work livestock, and guard dogs may work at defence of people or property. Most dogs today are kept as pets rather than for any particular work. This group is for dog’s that are still used as working dogs, but in areas other than hunting or herding. Siberian Huskies and Alaskan Malamutes work as sled dogs, which is why they are bursting with energy and love nothing more than a good run! Other muscular or large dogs, like the Dobermann, Mastiff or Rottweiler still work as popular guard dogs today. And, of course, the iconic St. Bernard is famous for alpine rescues!

Utility Group

Dogs in the utility group tend to not fit into other group’s definitions. For example, the Shih Tzu would be perfectly suited in the Toy Group, but it is considered too large! Other dogs are placed in this group because they are no longer used for what they were originally bred for. Dalmatians, with their long legs and speed, were meant to run alongside horse-drawn coaches! Bulldog’s, as their name suggests, were originally bred for bull baiting and Shar Pei’s were used as fighting dogs. Thankfully these dogs are no longer used for what they were initially bred for, so they all happily sit together in the Utility Group!